Analytics within a traditional organization often starts as a top management initiative aimed at increasing productivity. Implementation faces several challenges, and top management sponsorship could quickly fade away. Banorte, the largest Mexican financial group, is under way to successfully transform into an analytical organization. This experience offers five lessons to start out such a transformation:
The Five Lessons
- Gain credibility by delivering short-term results that assure long-term sponsorship from top management.
- Set the right incentives for the organization to embrace analytics, avoiding rivalry between analytics and the business lines.
- Do not take for granted that analytic projects are a priority for the whole organization — hold the analytics group accountable for end-to-end implementation.
- The analytics team members beyond quantitative skills require the ability to build consensus across different stakeholders within the organization.
- The contribution from analytic initiatives must be measured.
A traditional organization that aims to become an analytical firm with the capacity to deepen and extend its relationship with its customers starts its journey with some leaders envisioning a future for the company. It is not uncommon to find contrasting visions within top management of what should be the future — some subscribe to the old Texas adage, “If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it.” This should not be a surprise since companies have limited resources, and there are competing projects that respond to existing customer demands. Hence, when the organization embarks on the transformation path, it is clear that the analytical camp prevailed, but this does not mean that the traditional camp was convinced. Top management composition is not static, and suddenly the forward-thinking camp that once prevailed to launch the transformational analytic initiative might be outnumbered. Assuring continuity requires the analytic team to gain credibility with both camps of the organization. A high short-run ROI does the trick. Analytics in Banorte during its first year of operations contributed 10% of the group’s total net profit, gaining credibility and resources to advance with medium-term projects.
A high yield from analytics is a necessary but insufficient condition. Analytics and the business lines must establish a partnership that will face some hurdles. Analytics will disrupt the way business has been conducted, and rivalry between groups might arise. Both groups speak different languages — one group has business experience while the other talks with statistics and models. The business lines have many concerns — devoting scarce resources to unproven projects, the credit they will get in case of success, or the blame they will share if failure occurs. These concerns must be addressed by the design of an incentive scheme that aligns the interests of analytics and the business lines. Banorte solved this problem by setting a shadow target for analytics that did not rival the business lines targets, but rather analytic projects helped business lines attain their targets.
Non-rivalry between groups does not guarantee that the business lines and other stakeholders will enthusiastically embrace analytic initiatives to change the way they have been working. Stakeholders within the organization are unfamiliar with analytic initiatives, and they certainly have other projects top of mind. It is of an utmost priority for analytics to find partners willing to champion initiatives that can set an example to the rest of the organization. Analytics will need to invest some of its top management sponsorship capital in assuring end-to-end implementation of the chosen projects. The transformational effort at Banorte initially focused on the credit card business because of the project’s value and the willingness from the business partners.
An analytics team obviously requires quantitative skills, and the organization has to make a substantial investment in data and technology. However, these prerequisites are not enough to transform an institution. Banorte’s experience has shown that two soft skills are vital — the ability to build consensus and to have good team players who respect the business acumen of their counterparts. Business lines expect the quants to be a partner, not a lecturer.
Finally, rooting analytics within the organization requires measurement. It is not uncommon for an organization on its path to transformation to undertake several initiatives at the same time, and it may prove hard to disentangle the contribution. The analytics team should not assume that results are self-evident — a detailed report to the top management must be produced periodically. Furthermore, it is easy to stray from value by undertaking only the projects from willing partners. At Banorte, measurement has assured sponsorship and has kept analytics on track.
Journal of Integrated Marketing Communications (2017), Northwestern University
José A. Murillo, Ph.D.
Chief Analytics Officer, Grupo Financiero Banorte, Mexico
Jose Antonio Murillo Garza is an analytic leader with a distinguished track record of translating analytics into high profits. He established and leads the Analytics Business Unit at Banorte –Mexico’s second largest financial group. His team develops a deep understanding of Banorte’s customers with the aim of finding opportunities to increase profitability. He assures end to end implementation of the projects which his team undertakes. During its first year of operations (2015) the value created by the Analytics team was equivalent to 9 percent of Banorte’s total net profits. During the second year of operations the Analytics contribution increased to 20 percent of Banorte’s total net profits. In 2016 he was awarded the Lafferty Global Award on Credit Card Excellence for the impact of analytics on Banorte’s productivity. Prior to Banorte, Dr. Murillo Garza was a top ranking official at Mexico’s Central Bank, an advisor to the International Monetary Fund and taught economics at Rice University, ITAM and El Colegio de Mexico. He holds a BA in economics from ITAM (graduated with honors and received national prizes in economics from the National Chamber of Commerce and Tlacalel National Prize in Economics) and a PhD in economics from Rice University.